In “A Case Study of Scholars’ Open and Sharing Practices,” George Veletsianos examines faculty openness and sharing practices at a university that does not have any sort of open access or open scholarship policy. He concludes, unsurprisingly, that although many faculty members happen to be sharing their work and resources with others, these practices are limited without the incentive of an institutional policy. Notably, Veletsianos draws on David Wiley’s differentiation between openness and sharing: “open practices have to do with licensing,” Veletsianos states, “while sharing has to do with the act of making an artifact or activity available to others” (200). So, a culture of sharing might prevail without policy or external incentivization; truly open practices, by Veletsianos and Wiley’s conception of the term, require a sturdier framework and explicit open licensing.
Veletsianos, George. 2015. “A Case Study of Scholars’ Open and Sharing Practices.” Open Praxis 7(3): 199–209.